Different ‘Fathers’ of the Philippines

Kapitan Moy

Coming from a rich family and a natural born leader, Kapitan Moy spearheaded of what would be Marikina’s shoe business industry, a trade and livelihood that Marikeños have become known for.

Using only one shoe that he bought during his foreign trip, he  disassembled it, made a pattern for his shoes, and taught the people of Marikina how to do it.
From then on, aside from farming and fishing, shoe-making became one of the primary “livelihood” in Marikina.

Thus, Kapitan Moy was crowned the Father of Shoe Industry here in the Philippines.

Francisco Santiago

Composing the first-ever Kundiman art song, “Kundiman, (Anak Dalita).”, Francisco Santiago pioneered the Kundiman in music genre in 1917.

Born in Santa Maria, Bulacan, Francisco Santiago was a musically-inclined person for he was surrounded with musicians.
He made his first composition, “Purita,” in 1908 and dedicated it to the first Carnival Queen, Pura Villanueva.

His other Kundiman compositions were “Sakali Man”, “Hibik ng Filipinas”, “Pakiusap”, “Ang Pag-ibig”, “Suyuan”, “Alaala Kita”, “Ikaw at Ako”, “Ano Kaya ang Kapalaran?”, “Hatol Hari Kaya?”, “Sakali’t Mamatay”, “Dalit ng Pag-ibig”, “Aking Bituin”, “Madaling Araw”, and “Pagsikat ng Araw”.

Antonio Molina

Another great foundation in Philippine Music is Antonio Molina, the Father of Philippine Impressionist Music.
Known as a composer, conductor and music administrator, Molina paved his way through his music-career through his compositions the first one being “Matinal.”
He was also dubbed as the Claude Debussy of the Philippines because of his use of impressionism in music.

Jose Nepomuceno

With his film “Dalagang Bukid (1919),” Jose Nepomuceno pioneered the roll of the Philippine Cinema. In his early 20s he gained experience through photography and making documentaries before he ventured into filmmaking.

He founded the Malayan pictures, and although plagued with misfortunes, he was still able to create hundreds of films through-out his career.
Some if his works are “La Venganza de Don Silvestre,” “La Mariposa Negra,” “El Capullo Marchito,” “Hoy o Nunca, Besame.”

And the film, Noli Me Tanghere, which is considered as one of the greatest film in Philippine history.

Andres Bonifacio

As taught in History books and classes, Andres Bonifacio is known as the Father of the Philippine Revolution  for founding and leading the KKK (Kataas-taasan Kagalanggalangang Katipunan ng mga Anak ng Bayan).

But aside from expressing the vigor of his love for the Philippines through his actions, he also made expressed them in words. One of his known pieces  is “Pag-ibig sa Tinubuang Lupa,” which also inspired the nationalistic spirit of the Filipinos during the revolution.

Manuel Quezon

Another staple name during our history lessons, is the late Commonwealth President Manuel L. Quezon. He is called the “Ama ng Wikang Pambansa” for his support and efforts in the eventual recognition of the Philippine national language, Filipino.

Bonus: Tatay Digong

Of course, we would not dare to miss out this one. Although covered with different political issues, the followers of the current President of the Philippines still consider him as their father. In to extent that he was named they call him “Tatay Digong.”

To all the fathers out there, Happy Father’s Day!


All illustrations are made by Mary Angelyn Cada

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